The average hourly labour costs last year in the whole economy (excluding agriculture and public administration) were estimated to be €23.7 in the EU28, and €28.4 in the euro area. However, this average masks significant differences between EU Member States, with the lowest hourly labour costs recorded in Bulgaria (€3.7), Romania (€4.6), Lithuania (€6.2)and Latvia (€6.3), and the highest in Sweden (€40.1), Denmark (€38.4),Belgium (€38.0),Luxembourg (€35.7)and France (€34.3). said Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union.
Croatia was also near the bottom of the list, with average hourly labour costs €8.8, well below the European average. Labour costs are made up of wages & salaries and non-wage costs such as employers’ social contributions. The share of non -wage costs in the whole economy was 23. 7% in the EU28 and 25.9 % in the euro area , varying between 8.0% in Malta and 33.3% in Sweden.