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Famous Croats on postage stamps 

Famous Croats on postage stamps 

(Croatian Post)

New edition of a series of commemorative postage stamps

ZAGREB, 19 April 2022 – On April 20, 2022, Croatian Post will put into circulation new commemorative postage stamps from the “Famous Croats” series. 

The motifs on this year’s series of commemorative stamps by Zagreb designer Sabina Rešić are Petar Hektorović (Fishing and Fisherman’s Complaints), Grgo Martić (Poetic Works) and August Šenoa (Goldsmith’s Gold).

The circulation of the series is 30,000 copies per motif and they are issued in sheets of 20 stamps. 

Famous Croats on postage stamps 

(Croatian Post)

The text on the occasion of the release of new commemorative stamps was written by prof. Dr. Cvijeta Pavlović from the Department of Comparative Literature at the Faculty of Philosophy, University of Zagreb.

Petar Hektorović  

Famous Croats on postage stamps 

Petar Hektorović stamp (Croatian Post)

Petar Hektorović (Petre), a Croatian erudite and poet, was born between 18 February and 1 July 1487 in Stari Grad or Hvar on the island of Hvar as a descendant of a patrician family, Hvar’s “grandfathers”.

He was probably educated at the Hvar Humanities School, and continued his education with the Dominicans in Split. Around 1520, he started building Tvrdalj in the Old Town, a fortress palace with a park and a pond. He corresponded with dignitaries and writers of the humanities from Dubrovnik through Stari Grad and Hvar to Split, Trogir and Zadar. 

He traveled to Dubrovnik in 1557 to visit friends, and was hosted by the poet Nikola Nalješković. He died in the Old Town on March 13, 1572. He left the estate to his illegitimate daughter Margarita, and distributed movable property to servants and the poor. 

He included literary texts in the epistolary framework as letters to friends. Among the translations, the Book of Ovid stands out from the figure of the beloved (1528), in whose accompanying epistle he presents his views on translation.

It is assumed that in the first phase of his literary career he wrote love poems, but what has survived reveals a man who thinks about the futility of earthly goods and God’s grace (Tombstone of Frane Hektorović, etc.).

The famous book Fishing and Fisherman’s Complaints and the Differences of Things (completed in 1556, printed in 1568) contains other literary forms in addition to the travelogue eclogue in double-rhymed twelfths.

He praised Marko Marulić in Fishing and Fishermen’s Complaints, and with a trip to Dubrovnik and a prose letter to Mikša Pelegrinović (1557) he paid tribute to the culture and literature of the Croatian south and affirmed the idea of canons and classics, role models in the past and present. 

Of particular value is his immediate čakavian expression and the directness of his description: “Prid samu Zavalu dojdosmo loveći, kako u zarcalu sve na dnu videći.“

Grgo Martić

Famous Croats on postage stamps 

Grgo Martić stamp (Croatian Post)

Fr. Grgo Martić (Grga, Mato) was a participant in the Croatian national revival movement, poet, travel writer, collector of oral poems, participant in the Illyrian movement in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia, correspondent in Croatian periodicals and translator.  

Born on January 24, 1822 in Rastovača near Posušje in Herzegovina, he entered the Franciscan monastery at the age of twelve (1834), attended high school in Kreševo and Požega, completed his philosophy in Zagreb, and his theological studies in Stolni Biograd in Hungary). He was ordained in 1844 in Travnik.

He traveled in Bulgaria, Turkey, Austria, Italy and Croatian regions, he knew classical and modern languages.

His work is synonymous with writing for a wide readership. He published memoirs, historical-narrative, epic and occasional poetry, political and religious works, as well as textbooks in Zagreb, Osijek, Đakovo and Sarajevo.

At the celebration of the 400th anniversary of the discovery of America in Rome, he read his poem dedicated to Christopher Columbus.

Together with Ivan Fran Jukić, he prepared a collection of epic poems, Folk Songs of Bosnia and Herzegovina (1858). The epic poems Avengers (1893), written in the tenth century, enjoyed great popularity, as did other individual poems.

In his poetic travelogues, he benevolently portrayed all the peoples inhabiting Bosnia and Herzegovina (Journey to Dubrovnik from Kreševo in 1882, Journey to Makarska in 1884). Religious song Defense of Biograd in 1456: celebration of St. Ivan Kapistranski (1887) is dedicated to the defense of Christians from the Turkish invasion, and Posvetnici (1895), modeled on Gundulić’s Tears of the Prodigal Son, speaks of persons and events from the Catholic Church.

He died on August 30, 1905 in Kreševo, Bosnia. Memories (1829-1878), autobiographical memories of life and encounters with people who played an important role in the last decades of Turkish rule in Bosnia and Herzegovina were gradually published.

August Šenoa

Famous Croats on postage stamps 

August Šenoa stamp (Croatian Post)

August Šenoa was born on November 14, 1838 in Zagreb. He finished elementary school in Zagreb, went to high school in Pécs, and finished in Zagreb, he studied in Zagreb, Vienna and Prague.

He edited the newspapers Glasonoša, Slawische Blätter, Pozor and Vienac, was the artistic director, then dramaturg of the Croatian National Theater, city notary and city senator and vice-president of Matica hrvatska.

He is one of the most deserving for the arrival of Ivan pl. Zajc to Zagreb and the founding of the permanent Croatian opera. It attracted a large number of readers and created a Croatian readership that no longer preferred German-language literature.

With the feuilletons Vječni Žid u Zagrebu and Zagrebulje, and with the comedy Ljubica he advocated realistic satire; he affirmed the genre of historical novel (Zlatarovo zlato, Čuvaj se senjske ruke, Seljačka buna, Diogenes, Kletva), historical ballads – stories (Propast Venecije, Prokleta klijet, etc.), poetic stories (Postolar i vrag, Kugina kuća, Kameni svatovi, Zmijska kraljica, etc.) and novels and short stories from modern life (Prosjak Luka, Prijan Lovro, Vladimir, Mladi gospodin, etc.).

He followed theatrical events, laid the foundation for the modern sub-leaflet and turned it into a literary genre. He translated classics and contemporaries and compiled poetic anthologies. His songs were set to music and became part of traditional culture (Posavke – O ti, dušo moje duše!, Ribareva Jana, etc.).

He expressed the political program of the people (Budi svoj!, Pozdrav Dubrovniku, etc.), codified the Croatian literary language and reached the peak of late Romanticism, and at the same time laid the foundations of Croatian realism. He contributed to Croatian national integration and modernization: “Glasna, jasna od pameti / Preko dola, preko gora / Hrvatska nam pjesma leti / Sve do sinjeg tamo mora / (…) Nek se slože grla bratska: / Živila Hrvatska!“

He discovered a number of new writers and supported them in their work. After the earthquake in Zagreb on November 9, 1880, he worked tirelessly on the site of the ruined city, writing in parallel, and died of the effects of inflammation on December 13, 1881 in Zagreb.

His work is a symbol of the successful reconciliation of two literary functions: popular literature and writing at an aesthetically appropriate level. It marked the Croatian cultural life of the second half of the 19th century to such an extent. century that the period in which he worked is called by his name – Šenoa’s time (1865 – 1881).

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