The forerunner to the modern necktie was the Croatian invention of the Cravat. The tie was first used as an item of clothing by Croatian soldiers back in the 17th century.
This week World Cravat Day will be marked and in the build-up to it, a red cravat has been tied on more than 50 monuments around the capital Zagreb as part of the 2nd Days of Cravat festival opened.
The oldest Croatian portrait of a person wearing a cravat was painted in Dubrovnik in 1622 and depicted the great Croatian poet Ivan Gundulić with a scarf tied around his neck like a cravat. This portrait is currently safeguarded at the Rector’s Palace.
The festival opened with the Royal Cravates Regiment performing the changing of the guards at St. Mark’s Square, recalling the historical significance of Croats in the Thirty Years’ War, after which the name of the cravat which the soldiers wore tied around the neck, occurred.
The word cravat derives from the French cravate, a twisted French pronunciation of Croate. The Cravat is a Croatian symbol known and recognised worldwide and since 2008, the 18th of October has been declared as World Cravat Day by Academia Cravatica.
For more details about the festival visit the Academia Cravatica website.