Home » Latest » 20 Things You Maybe Didn’t Know About Croatia

20 Things You Maybe Didn’t Know About Croatia

hr

By Iva Ralica

Croatia is a beautiful and small country probably best known internationally for its amazing coast. Besides the coast, it is also known the birthplace of Nikola Tesla, the home of the necktie (“cravat”) and for Slavoljub Penkala, the inventor of the mechanical pencil.

There are a lot more interesting little facts about Croatia, here are 20 of them.

1. The dog breed Dalmatian can be traced back to Croatia and the Dalmatia region.

2. Split’s Diocletian Palace has a genuine Egyptian sphinx thanks to the Emperor Diocletian who had it bought in from Egypt to adorn the entrance to his tomb.

3. The oldest city in Europe is the eastern Croatian city of Vinkovci. The city has been inhabited for the the past 8,000 years.

Diocletian's Place in Split (photo: Minestrone under CC)

Diocletian’s Place in Split (photo: Minestrone under CC)

4. Croatia has the most cultural and historical heritage under the protection of UNESCO (and shares this first place with Spain) and has the highest number of UNESCO intangible goods of any European country.

5. Zadar has the world’s first pipe organ played by the sea and is also known for its sunset which Alfred Hitchcock said was the most beautiful in the world.

6. On the island of Susak women wear the shortest folk costumes in Europe.

Shortest national costume in Europe on Island of Susak

Shortest national costume in Europe on Island of Susak

7. One of the first medieval places in Europe to have a sewage system was Dubrovnik.

8. Dubrovnik was known as the “Adriatic pearl” in the early 19th century (thanks to the English poet Lord Byron) and not only as “Game of Thrones” King’s Landing and Star Wars filming location.

9. Hum in Istria with a population of around 20 is the world’s smallest town.

Hum (photo: Ana.Jur under CC)

Hum (photo: Ana.Jur under CC)

10. Croatians had their own alphabet. The Glagolitic alphabet was preserved only by Croats who used it from the 12th to the 20th century, mostly in liturgy.

Glagolitsa

Glagolitsa

11. The Roman amphitheater in Pula is the 6th largest amphitheatre in the world and the only one with all 3 rows preserved.

Pula Arena

Pula Arena (photo; Croatia.hr)

12. In the Croatian waters lives the last specimen of the Mediterranean seal.

13. Croatia is ranked 127th in the world when it comes to size of country.

14. The world’s first torpedo was constructed in Rijeka. Ivan Luppis (Ivan Vukić) developed the first prototypes of the self-propelled torpedo in 1866.

15. The national flower of Croatia is the Iris.

Iris - Croatia's national flower (photo credit: Venkat)

Iris – Croatia’s national flower (photo credit: Venkat)

16. Croatia won the biggest haul of gold medals in Europe (per capita) at the Olympic Games in 2016 in Rio.

croatia1

Croatia won 5 gold medals in Rio (Rio 2016)

17. 10% of Croatia is protected via 11 Nature Parks, 8 National Parks and 2 Nature Reserves.

18. The richest collection in the world of remains of Neandethals was discovered in Krapina in central Croatia.

Neandertala_homo,_modelo_en_Neand-muzeo

Neanderthal Museum in Krapina (photo: Museum)

19. Shakespeare’s comedy Twelfth Night was set in Dalmatia.

20. A sculptor from the island of Rab, Marin, founded San Marino.

Plitvice Lakes

Plitvice Lakes

 

Share on:
4.57 / 5 (21 votes)

Sign up to receive the Croatia Week Newsletter

Related Posts

[VIDEO] Estonia Shock Croatia in Tallinn

Croatia have been shocked by Estonia 3-0 in an international friendly in Tallinn on Tuesday evening. Croatia, resting a number of stars from their 1-0 win over Ukraine on Friday night, were led for the first time by Inter Milan midfielder Ivan Perišić. Estonia were looking for their first ever victory over Croatia in 8...

35 Must-Try Foods When in Croatia

  By Mia. K Croatia offers a wide variety of delicious food options that will leave you wanting more. The diversity in regions means you will be able to experience different specialties all over the country. Here is a selection of 35 foods to try whilst in Croatia. STARTERS / SNACKS   1. Goveđa Juha...

Joan Miró Exhibition to Open in Rovinj

An exhibition of the works of the famous Spanish painter, sculptor, and ceramicist, Joan Miró, opens in the Istrian town of Rovinj on Wednesday. The ‘Joan Miró – Forms of Freedom’ exhibition opens on 12 April 2017 at the Zavičajni museum in Rovinj and closes on 15 October 2017. Visitors will have the opportunity to...

UEFA Europa League Playoffs: Mixed Night For 3 Croatian Clubs

The three Croatian clubs involved in the UEFA Europa League playoffs will have their work cut for them after a disappointing night on Thursday in first leg action. Dinamo Zagreb could only manage a 1-1 draw at home to Albanian side Skenderbeu. Latifi opened the scoring in the 37th minute and could have been 2-0...

Velika Gospa Celebrated in Croatia

Croatians will celebrate Velika Gospa (The Assumption of the Virgin Mary) tomorrow on 15 August 2017, with over 100,000 people expected to take part in mass pilgrims to over 20 Marian shrines in Croatia. The largest crowds will once again converge to the shrines in Marija Bistrica in the Krapina-Zagorje County in central Croatia, Sinj,...

Maksimir Stadium Turns 105 Today

Maksimir stadium in the Croatian capital Zagreb turns 105 today. Works first begun on the stadium on 1 February 1912 and just over 3 months later, and exactly 105 years ago today on 5 May 1912 the stadium officially opened. Named after the surrounding neighbourhood of Maksimir, the stadium is primarily today the home of...